Kidney failure, also termed as renal failure, is the failure of the kidney to filter the blood. The kidney are the two pair of beans-shaped organs located towards the lower back. One kidney on each side of your spine.
These organs filter the blood and removes toxins from the body through the bladder in the form of urine. These toxins when accumulated in the system will be harmful for the individual leading to a lot of complications.
Many factors hampers the kidney health, this includes continuous exposure to environmental pollutants or certain medications (especially in this era where most people are abusing appetite stimulant and other presume nutritious supplements). Many are the aftermath occurrence of kidney failure, kidney cirrhosis is one sure complication.
Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver. This can damage the tissues and affects how well the liver performs it functions. The liver is basically responsible for bile production and excretion. The accumulation of bile can cause jaundice due to the increase level of bilirubin in the blood.
Other functions includes: excretion of bilirubin, cholesterol, hormones and drugs, the metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, etc.
Hepatitis can be an acute or chronic infections. There are various types of hepatitis, some types can cause only acute infection while others can cause both acute and chronic infections.
Viral hepatitis is the most common types, it is caused by several viruses. Viral hepatitis are hepatitis A, B, C, D and, E. A,B,C are the most common. In the subsequent piece we will look at their various ways of onset. Other types of hepatitis are alcoholic hepatitis, toxic hepatitis, and autoimmune hepatitis.
Asthma is a condition in which one’s airway narrows and swell and may produce extra mucus. This mostly makes breathing difficult and triggers coughing, whistling sound when breathing out, as well as shortness of breath.
Asthma differs from one person to the other. For some people asthma is a little to no nuisance or discomfort, but for people is a major nuisance which impedes daily output and can be life threatening, meaning such people can easily die from an attack.
There are different form of asthmatic triggers, they include; exercise-induced asthma, occupational asthma and allergic-induced asthma. Asthma is not curable but its signs and symptoms can be managed adequately with medications.
Inhalers are widely use to mitigate the life threatening chances of asthma. There are two forms of inhalers, they include: relievers and preventers.
Ventolin salbutamol inhaler is an example of a reliever, this is used during an asthmatic attack.
Symbicort inhaler is an example of a preventive inhaler, this is used upon exposure to asthmatic triggers such as dust, fumes and pollens.
Pneumonia is an inflammation of the air sacs called alveoli due to an infection. The air sac may be filled with fluid or pus (infectious fluid).
Streptococcus pneumonia is primarily the causative agent of pneumonia. It causes fever, dry cough, headache, muscle pain and weakness.
Viral pneumonia usually goes away, therefore the treatment regimen actually focuses on the easing of symptoms. Pneumonia becomes serious if left untreated. This infection comes in four stages; consolidation stage, red hepatization stage, grey hepatization stage and resolution.
Lung cancer most often occurs in smokers. The two types of lung cancer include non-small cells and small cell lung cancer.
The causes includes: smoking, second hand smoking, exposure to certain toxins and family history.
Lung cancer often spreads to other parts of the body such as the brain and bones. This implies that it can lead to brain dead causing stroke or even death. Osteoporosis and osteomyelitis are not too far from the complication of lung cancer.
This form of cancer has low survival rate than other cancers such as colorectal, breast and prostate cancer. This is due to the metastatic rate and the organs it spreads to.