Opinion polls predict a shortage of water in Ghana.
Ghana is a developing country in the Western part of Africa. Gold Coast was its name until independence. The country is known for its mineral wealth. Ghana produces many kinds of minerals including gold, diamond, bauxite, salt, among many others. Timber, cocoa and food crops are largely produced in Ghana.
Over the years, Ghana as a nation has never experienced an excessive shortage of water. The nation occasionally shorts water in its rural areas when there is drought.
Currently, opinion polls show that there is a high possibility that the country may have a shortage of water. An opinion poll conducted verbally by Dembe Publications reveals. The shortage may happen fifteen to twenty years from now due to heavy pollution.
It is clear how mining activities in the country are polluting water bodies. As the population increases, demand becomes high. There is indeed rural-urban migration but mining has sent back some youths to rural areas. Their presence as a working force has boosted mining activities. Hence increasing pollution. Also, there are a lot of foreign companies that have acquired the license to mine. This has also contributed to the high rate of pollution. Alluvial mining has been the major cause of water pollution in Ghana. Looking at the rate of pollution, one could tell without any doubts that there will be a shortage of water shortly. The only way to resolved water pollution is by regulating mining activities.
Industrial pollution is also on the increase as the population explode. The industrialization has also contributed greatly to water pollution. While mining areas pollute water bodies, the cities also release harmful gases into the atmosphere. This affects the quality of rainfall. It’s going to be terrible if the rains are not safe for domestic consumption while rivers are heavily polluted. This will apply to the big cities. In this era, rainwater will be harvested in typical villages for urban consumption. Even that will not be enough.
The country in these difficult times will spend a lot of funds on water treatment. The awful part of the story is that the treated water may satisfy only some of the population.